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Endangered Birds 2

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Mississippi Sandhill Crane, Grus canadensis pulla,  E. R. Kalmbach, Knowing Birds Through Stories, Floyd Bralliar, 1922

Mississippi Sandhill Crane  Grus canadensis pulla,  E. R. Kalmbach

Sandhill Cranes were designated endangered in 1973 in Mississippi.  About 4 feet tall with a 6 ½ foot wingspan.  Nests in open grasslands and wetland edges, which when drained contributed to its decline.  Forages in wetlands for frogs, lizards, crayfish, worms and insects.  Also eats roots, nuts, seeds and fruit on dry land.  Will defend itself viciously with its dagger like bill if needed.  After populations hovered less than 100 for decades, a captive breeding program was established and small numbers were released in the 80s.




California Clapper Rail, Rallus longirostris obsoletus,  Ernest Seton Thompson, Bird Life, Frank M. Chapman, 1904

California Clapper Rail  Rallus longirostris obsoletus
Ernest Seton Thompson



Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis,  Louis Agassiz Fuertes, Birds of America, T Gilbert Pearson, 1917

Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis,  Louis Agassiz Fuertes

Once hunted by the millions during fall migration from their Arctic breeding grounds to South America, they became rare by the end of the Nineteenth Century.   Certainly on the brink of extinction, sightings of Curlews are still reported once or twice a year.

According to J.B. Gollop, T.W. Barry, and E.H. Iversen,  "Although its extinction has been treated as a foregone conclusion, this hasn't happened yet."  While widespread concern saved the Bald Eagle, Peregrine Falcon, Osprey, and Whooping Crane through the prohibition of DDT and management and reintroduction programs,  "…the Eskimo Curlew has failed to excite the interest of the general public.",  "…virtually no money has been spent to study or protect this bird." and  "Perhaps it is still not too late to rescue the Eskimo Curlew from oblivion!"




Western Snowy Plover  Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus, Archibald Thorburn

Western Snowy Plover  Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus
Archibald Thorburn




Steller's Eider  Polysticta stelleri, Archibald Thorburn

Steller's Eider Polysticta stelleri, Archibald Thorburn






Greenland White-tailed Eagle  Haliaeetus albicilla groenlandicus, Archibald Thorburn

Greenland White-tailed Eagle   Haliaeetus albicilla groenlandicus
Archibald Thorburn


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